Fig 4.2.2 Capacitor Voltage
Fig 4.2.3 Capacitor Current
Fig. 4.4.2 Current Through an Inductor
Fig. 4.4.3 Voltage Across an Inductor
Good explanation about Differentiation
“The output wave of a DIFFERENTIATOR CIRCUIT is ideally a graph of the rate of change of the voltage at its input.”
Fig.8.4.1 The Differentiator Circuit
Fig 8.4.2 Differentiation.
“The shape of the input wave of an integrator circuit in this case will be a graph of the rate of change of the output wave ”
“The low pass filter circuit is therefore called an integrator only when:
a. The input wave is a square wave.
Fig. 8.5.1 The Integrator (also low-pass filter) Circuit.
Fig. 8.5.2 Integrator Action
See the image:
Frequency =and Hertz is the unit of frequency. It gives the number of cycles in one second.
Duty cycle =. It gives fraction of one cycle for which the signal is high.