Fig 4.2.2 Capacitor Voltage
Fig 4.2.3 Capacitor Current
Fig. 4.4.2 Current Through an Inductor
Good explanation about Differentiation
“The output wave of a DIFFERENTIATOR CIRCUIT is ideally a graph of the rate of change of the voltage at its input.”
“The shape of the input wave of an integrator circuit in this case will be a graph of the rate of change of the output wave ”
“The low pass filter circuit is therefore called an integrator only when:
a. The input wave is a square wave.
See the image:
Frequency =and Hertz is the unit of frequency. It gives the number of cycles in one second.
Duty cycle =. It gives fraction of one cycle for which the signal is high.